Crohn’s disease, small bowel obstruction, carcinoid tumours, adenocarcinoma, benign tumours are some of the surgical conditions that affect the small bowel. Patients experience symptoms such as abdominal cramping and pain, nausea, rectal bleeding and unexplained weight loss.
There are three types of small bowel resection:
There are different ways of doing a small bowel resection, such as laparoscopic and open procedures. During a laparoscopic small bowel resection, a probe with a lighted camera and other surgical tools are inserted through small incisions in the abdomen. An ileostomy (an opening to the outside of the body) may be needed for stool to exit the body after a small bowel resection. The need for an ileostomy depends on if the surgeon can join the severed ends of the small bowel.
As part of the digestive tract, the large intestine or colon stores food waste and soaks up water. A tubular muscle-like organ, it has a lining of cells and is approximately 6 feet in length. At the end of the colon is about 6 inches of rectum. A colectomy is performed to remove part of the colon or all of it.
There are several types of colectomies:
Some conditions that warrant a colectomy are polyps, cancer, diverticulitis, volvulus, inflammatory bowel disease, bleeding, blockage and rectal prolapse. Colorectal diseases usually cause abdominal pain and bleeding from the rectum is observed. Diarrhoea, constipation, stool size changes, weight loss, vomiting, cramping and fever are also indications of colorectal disease.