Ovarian cyst removal

Ovarian cyst removal

An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that may either grow inside your ovaries or on them. They are typically removed by a type of keyhole surgery called laparoscopy. This procedure involves making small incisions in the abdominal area in order to insert a laparoscope to get a closer view of the cyst and detach it.

If the cyst is too large, the gynaecologist may recommend an open surgery or a laparotomy in which a larger cut is made in the lower abdomen. Due to this, the recovery period from a laparotomy will also be longer.

How is it performed?

  • You will have to fast for about six hours before the surgery with a strict intake of clear fluids only.
  • The procedure will then begin with general anaesthesia being given to the patient. The doctor will also recommend wearing compression stockings to prevent the formation of blood clots in the legs.
  • In the case of laparoscopy, the gynaecologist will make three incisions that measure between 5 mm and 1cm. One will be made just below the belly button and the rest two will be made lower down on each side of the body. 
  • A tube-like telescopic camera or a laparoscope will then be inserted into these incisions to examine the cyst and detach them. The incisions will then be either be stitched up or glued shut.
  • In the case of a laparotomy, a larger cut will be made in the lower abdomen to remove the cyst. This is mostly done when the cyst is cancerous.
  • There may also be instances when laparoscopy is converted into a laparotomy while the procedure is under progress to ensure the safe removal of the cyst.

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