Pleural effusion treatment – pleurocentesis performed to remove the excess fluid buildup (space between your lungs and the wall of the chest). The physician might recommend for pleurocentesis When a they experience chronic cough, shortness of breath or chest pain. The treatment aids in the diagnosis, treatment of the lung and its function. Pleurocentesis can also be called thoracentesis. The treatment confirms or rules out diseases or infections like cancer, congestive heart failure, pneumonia or pulmonary hypertension.