Conditions, Treatments | ENT and Head & Neck Hospital | MGM


Restoring senses and enhancing life through state-of-the-art facility combined with cutting-edge technology and medical expertise.

Welcome to the Department of
ENT and Head & Neck Surgery at MGM Healthcare

Obstructive sleep apnoea is a potentially serious sleep disorder that causes breathing to repeatedly stop and start during sleep. This type of apnoea occurs when the throat muscles intermittently relax during sleep and block the airway. A noticeable sign of obstructive sleep apnoea is snoring. Surgery is an option for patients who have severe symptoms and are incapacitated in day-to-day activities.

Signs and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnoea:
  • Excessive daytime sleepiness
  • Loud snoring
  • Observed episodes of breathing cessation during sleep
  • Abrupt awakenings accompanied by gasping or choking
  • Awakening with a dry mouth or sore throat Morning headache
  • Difficulty concentrating during the day
When to see a doctor?
  • Snoring loud enough to disturb your sleep or that of others
  • Waking up gasping or choking especially at nights
  • Intermittent pauses in your breathing during sleep
  • Falling asleep while working, watching television, driving a vehicle

Cochlear implants — which bypass damaged or dysfunctional parts of the inner ear — can improve hearing for people with hearing loss that cannot be adequately managed with conventional hearing aids. Cochlear implants are electronic devices that convert acoustic sounds into electrical pulses which stimulate the auditory nerve directly. The auditory nerve carries the signal to the brain, which recognises the signal as sound.

Cochlear implants help in understanding speech in everyday listening situations — even with hearing aids. Children and adults who had speech and language skills before losing their hearing generally have an easier time adapting to cochlear implants than those who have never experienced hearing at all. Early detection through new-born hearing screening protocols helps in identifying possible cochlear implant candidacy. Otologic procedures like labyrinthectomy for Meniere’s disease, stapedotomy for otosclerosis and glomus tumour surgery are part of the surgical domain of this department.

In patients with dural defects of the anterior and ventral skull base (as part of the disease, iatrogenic or accidental trauma), there is a significant risk of meningitis if left open. Endoscopic transnasal reconstruction with vascularised tissue with or without free autograft material is desirable to facilitate rapid healing and prevention of brain infections.

In addition, certain skull base tumours are removed through the nose via a minimally invasive approach. This entails a good multidisciplinary team approach along with neurosurgeons. Certain vascular tumours like ajuvenile naso—pharyngeal angiofibroma can be tackled through an extended endonasal surgical approach with minimal morbidity and reduced hospital stay. Endoscopic trans nasal procedures like sphenopalatine artery ligation for uncontrolled nose bleeding, orbital/optic nerve decompression following trauma and medial maxillectomy for tumours are also performed here.

Thyroidectomy is the surgical excision of the thyroid, a small gland that produces hormones that regulate the body’s metabolic rate. This procedure may be recommended for conditions such as:

  • Thyroid cancer (Cancer is the most common reason for total thyroidectomy)
  • Noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid (goiter)
  • Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism)
  • Indeterminate or suspicious thyroid nodules (Some thyroid nodules cannot be identified as cancerous or noncancerous after testing a sample from a needle biopsy)

Parotidectomy is the surgical excision of the parotid gland, the major and largest of the salivary glands. The procedure is most typically performed due to neoplasms, which are growths of rapidly and abnormally dividing cells. Neoplasms (tumours) can be benign or malignant

A majority of parotid gland tumours are benign, however 20% of parotid tumours are found to be malignant.In addition to these two surgeries, the department specialises in other airway and head & neck cancer surgeries.

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    We are with you in your journey to better health

    We have some of the best ENT doctors and head & neck surgeons on-board in Chennai for the treatment of various conditions related to ear, nose, throat and skull. Our doctors are highly skilled, highly experience and have undergone extensive training in areas such as paediatric otolaryngology, otology-neurotology, rhinology, otolaryngic allergy, laryngology and facial plastic and reconstructive surgery. We treat a wide range of complaints and disorders from ear wax removal to more complex conditions relating to head and neck cancer and skull-based surgery. If you or someone in your family or friend’s circle is having ENT condition or require a head and neck surgery, the Institute of ENT and Head & Neck Surgery at MGM Healthcare is here to care for you.

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