Illuminating National Diabetes Month, Keys with MGM Healthcare

Evolution of Diabetes: Understanding Risk Factors and Effective Management Fri , Nov 24

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Diabetes is a condition of the modern world, a product of a contemporary lifestyle, unhealthy habits and our metabolic processes.

  • This November, MGM Healthcare emphasizes the dynamic changes in diabetes and its management with the theme “Know your risk, Know your response”. This year’s theme focuses on how to identify the risk factors, urging everyone to take proactive measures or healthier lives and a supportive environment.
    Globally, diabetes is reaching epidemic proportions, with a projected increase from 8.0% in 2007 to 7.3% by 2025 (International Diabetes Federation)

Types of Diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes: (Juvenile Diabetes)

  • It is an autoimmune condition targeting insulin-producing beta cells in pancreas, facilitating daily insulin injections or insulin pumps.

Type 2 Diabetes (Adult - onset Diabetes)

  • It is a condition in which the body either produces insufficient insulin or it resists insulin. It is often linked with lifestyle, obesity, and sedentary habits. It can be managed through lifestyle modifications and medications.

Risk factors associated with Type 2 Diabetes

  • Obesity
    Family history
    High blood pressure
    Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
    Sedentary lifestyle

Gestational Diabetes

  • It occurs during pregnancy and typically resolves post childbirth. It is managed through constant monitoring of blood sugar levels, adopting a healthy diet, and oral medications.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Triad of Diabetes (3P’s)
    Polyuria – Frequent urination
    Polydipsia – Excessive thirst
    Polyphagia – Excessive hunger

Additional symptoms:

  • Diabetic retinopathy
    Cardiovascular Diseases
    Diabetic Nephropathy
    Diabetic Foot ulcers
    Delayed wound healing
    Acanthosis Nigricans

Treatment Modalities

Lifestyle modifications

  • Emphasis on maintaining a healthy diet, engaging in regular physical activity, weight management and tobacco cessation.


  • It depends on the type of diabetes and the medication ranges from Oral drugs to insulin injections.

Regular Monitoring

  • It can be done through glucose meters that helps to make appropriate treatment measures.

Diabetes Self-Management

  • Awareness initiatives and support groups provide guidance on meal planning, medication management, blood sugar monitoring and emotional well-being



    Diabetes being a global health concern, it can be effectively managed through lifestyle adaptations, constant monitoring, awareness initiatives and regular medical care which empowers individuals to control blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of complications.