Myeloma Awareness: Multiple Myeloma and Its Treatment
Myeloma Awareness: Understanding Multiple Myeloma and Its Treatment

Mon , Mar 13

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  • Myeloma, also known as multiple myeloma, is a type of blood cancer that affects plasma cells. Plasma cells are a type of white blood cell that produces antibodies to help the body fight infections. Myeloma causes these cells to become abnormal and multiply uncontrollably, leading to the development of tumors in the bone marrow and other parts of the body.

  • Myeloma is a rare disease that affects around 10,000 people in India each year. While the exact cause of myeloma is unknown, certain factors such as genetics, exposure to radiation or chemicals, and immune system dysfunction may increase the risk of developing this disease.

Symptoms of Myeloma

  • The symptoms of myeloma can vary from person to person, and some people may not experience any symptoms at all in the early stages of the disease. However, common symptoms of myeloma include:

    • Bone pain, especially in the back, ribs, and hips
    • Fatigue
    • Recurrent infections
    • Anemia
    • Kidney problems
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Loss of appetite
    • Weight loss
  • If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Myeloma

  • The diagnosis of myeloma involves a physical examination, blood tests, and imaging studies such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs. A biopsy may also be necessary to confirm the diagnosis and determine the stage and severity of the disease.

  • The treatment of myeloma depends on the stage and severity of the disease, as well as the individual’s age, overall health, and other factors. Common treatments for myeloma include:


    • Chemotherapy: the use of drugs to kill cancer cells
    • Radiation therapy: the use of high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells
    • Stem cell transplantation: the replacement of diseased bone marrow with healthy stem cells
    • Targeted therapy: the use of drugs that target specific proteins on the surface of cancer cells
  • In addition to medical treatments, lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, and exercising regularly can also help to manage the symptoms of myeloma and improve overall health.

  • At MGM Healthcare, our Department of Haematology is dedicated to providing world-class care for patients with myeloma and other blood disorders. Our team of experienced haematologists, oncologists, and other healthcare professionals work together to develop personalized treatment plans for each patient based on their individual needs and goals.

  • We offer a range of advanced diagnostic and treatment services for myeloma, including bone marrow biopsy, stem cell transplantation, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy. Our state-of-the-art facilities and technology allow us to provide the most advanced and effective treatments for our patients.

  • Spreading awareness about myeloma is essential to help people recognize the symptoms of this disease and seek medical attention when necessary. By raising awareness and educating the public about myeloma, we can help to reduce the burden of this disease on individuals and families.

  • If you or a loved one are experiencing symptoms of myeloma or have been diagnosed with this disease, don’t hesitate to reach out to a healthcare professional for help. Early detection and treatment can significantly improve the outcomes for people with myeloma.