Rare diseases, childhood rare diseases, congenital diseases, and rare cancers are conditions that affect a small percentage of the population.
Despite their low prevalence, these diseases can have a significant impact on the lives of those affected and their families.
World Disease Day, observed on February 28th, is an opportunity to raise awareness about rare diseases and the importance of early detection and prevention.
There are 1000s of rare diseases and everyday new ones are being recorded in the medical literature. The cause of rare diseases in unknown, majority of them being either genetic or caused/triggered by a bacterial infection. Almost all genetic disorders are rare, but not all rare disorders are genetic. Rare disorders can be identified at early age, but it is estimated that some of the rare disorders appear into adulthood also