Condition and Treatments - MGM Healthcare | Best Super-MultiSpecialty Hospital in Chennai

RENAL SCIENCES

A multidisciplinary centre for nephrology and urology that provides advanced care for kidney, uro-biliary related diseases

Welcome to the Institute of Renal Sciences at MGM Healthcare

The Institute of Renal Science at MGM Healthcare is committed to providing exemplary care for the treatment of the entire spectrum of kidney disease including chronic kidney disease, acute kidney disease, electrolyte disorder, complex hypertension, end-stage kidney failure warranting kidney transplantation and ureter & urinary bladder related disease and conditions.

What Do the Kidneys Do?

Your kidneys play several vital roles for the body, such as:

  • Eliminating waste from your body
  • Regulating blood pressure
  • Promoting development of strong bones.
  • Controlling the production of red blood cells
  • Regulating the composition of body fluids
What are some of the common kidney disease symptoms?

Symptoms include, but not limited to the following:

  • High blood pressure
  • Blood in the urine
  • Frequent urination
  • Swelling around the eyes, hands, or feet
  • Extreme drowsiness
  • Unexplained shortness of breath

What are some of the clinical programs at the Department of Nephrology and Kidney Transplantation at MGM Healthcare
  • We help in the management of chronic kidney diseases and provide personalized plan of care for long-term management of the disease.
  • The dialysis centre helps patient undergo peritoneal dialysis both at our clinic and as home therapy.
  • We perform kidney transplantation on patients suffering from end-stage renal disease or kidney failure to improve their quality of life
  • We help in the identification and management of polycystic kidney diseases
  • We provide comprehensive clinical care to patients with kidney cancer. We have vast experience in the treatment of rare, inherited and advanced forms of kidney cancer.
  • We provide personalize treatment for patients with vasculitis, glomerulonephritis and related conditions.
  • We provide individualized treatment for diabetic nephropathy, water and electrolyte disorders, kidney disease in pregnancy, urinary tract infections, and primary and secondary diseases.
  • We specialize in the innovative treatment and prevention of kidney stones.

What are some of the clinical programs at the Department of Urology at MGM Healthcare?

We provide cutting edge, patient-focused, personalized care and treatment for male genitourinary tract and female urinary tract disorders and are committed to clinical excellence in urological care.

  • We evaluate patients for urological diseases and common disorders, and provide outstanding care to patients diagnosed with urological conditions.
  • We provide treatment for patients suffering from neurological diseases and related urinary symptoms.
  • We specialize in the treatment of female urology and voiding dysfunction.
  • We provide treatment for erectile dysfunction in a supportive and confidential environment.
  • We provide expert care for slow-growing and aggressive forms of prostate cancer.
  • We provide comprehensive care for prostate health issues.
  • We offer a full range of surgical options for patients, including minimally invasive and laparoscopic procedures, advanced robot-assisted surgery, closed transurethral procedures and traditional open surgeries.
  • We perform vasectomy as a birth control measure in couples who are looking to prevent pregnancy.

What are some of the procedures we do at the Institute of Renal Sciences?

Some of the procedures done includes, but not limited to, the following:

  • Haemodialysis
  • Home Haemodialysis
  • Peritoneal Dialysis
  • Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy
  • Plasmapheresis
  • Renal biopsy
  • Immunosuppression Management

Procedures we do

Urinary stones can cause extreme discomfort for patients. Laser lithotripsy is a technique that is widely used for the treatment of kidney stones. In this minimally invasive procedure,

a laser breaks up kidney stones into very small particles. These particles can then be easily and painlessly passed out of the body in a patient’s urine.

How is it performed?
  • Before the procedure, you might be required to undergo a physical examination, X-ray and imaging tests to determine the exact size and location of the stones.
  • On the day of the procedure, our anaesthesiologist will make sure you are comfortable and at ease. They will then administer general anaesthesia.
  • The doctor will insert a ureteroscope, a very thin and hollow instrument, into your urethra to enter your body.
  • Depending upon the location of the kidney stones, the doctor will use the ureteroscope to enter your bladder, ureter or kidney.
  • Once the doctor locates the stone, they will insert a fiber through the hole of the ureteroscope that will shoot a strong light beam at the stones.
  • This beam will break up the kidney stones into small particles, which can then be collected by inserting a basket.
  • Any granular pieces which remain can be easily passed out through the urine. The entire procedure will take around 1 hour.

In some cases, if a person is experiencing incontinence, frequent urination or shrinking of the bladder, a bladder augmentation procedure might be recommended. In this procedure,

the size of the bladder is enlarged. Medically known as augmentation cystoplasty, this is an invasive procedure in which incisions are made in the abdomen.

How is it performed?
  • An anaesthesiologist will first administer general anaesthesia. This will ensure you remain unconscious for the entire duration of the procedure.
  • The surgeon will first make an incision on the abdomen and, once they enter, make a small incision right at the top of the urinary bladder.
  • The surgeon will then surgically remove a part of the small or large intestine, cut the tube open and stitches this to the opening made in the bladder. In some cases, a section of the stomach might be cut and used in the same way.
  • This will increase the overall capacity of the bladder and resolve many of the complications faced.

An enlargement of the prostate in men can lead to urinary issues like frequency and difficulty urinating. TURP (Transurethral Resection of the Prostate) is a type of surgery that

can help resolve urinary problems that are caused by an enlarged prostate. This procedure is recommended if medication hasn’t been effective.

How is it performed?
  • An anaesthesiologist will administer general or local anaesthetic to you. This will ensure you do not experience any pain or discomfort during the procedure.
  • A resectoscope is the main device used during this procedure. It is a thin tube with a camera and light attached to the end.
  • The resectoscope is inserted through your urethra until it reaches the prostate. This will avoid making incisions in the skin.
  • The resectoscope includes a loop of wire at the end. Once the tube reaches the prostate, this loop of wire is heated using an electric current and is used to cut away a portion of the prostate.
  • After this, a catheter is inserted through the urethra and pumps fluid into the area. This fluid is used to remove the pieces of prostate that have been cut.

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    We are with you in your journey to better health

    We have some of the best nephrologists, urologists and kidney transplant surgeons in Chennai on-board for treating a wide range of diseases of the kidney and urinary tract. They are committed to providing personalized treatment and exceptional care. A consultation with our panel of nephrologists, urologists and kidney transplant surgeons will help you determine what kind of services you may need to help improve your kidney health. If you or someone in your family or friend’s circle is suffering from any acute or chronic kidney condition, the Institute of Renal Sciences at MGM Healthcare is here to care for you.

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