Cardiac conditions we treat and procedures we do
Cardiac disease or condition can be congenital and thereby inherited and present at birth, or they can arise over the course of one’s life due to lifestyle factors, during pregnancy or during a medical treatment for another condition, example cancer therapy. At MGM Healthcare, our team of cardiologists and cardiothoracic surgeons are highly skilled and experienced in diagnosing and treating both common and rare heart diseases and conditions. We are equipped with the latest, advanced technologies that support both the diagnosis and treatment of several cardiac conditions. We provide personalized care to manage your heart conditions and help you stay healthy.
Adult Congenital Heart Disease
- Congenital heart disease is an abnormality in the structure of the heart of blood vessels that is present at birth. Congenital heart defects repaired in infancy still require lifelong care. We provide treatment, education, and counselling for adults with congenital heart defects, including:
- Atrial and ventricular septal defects: Holes in the walls of the upper (atria) or lower (ventricles) heart chambers.
- Congenital valve defects: Defects of the heart valves, which control blood flow through the heart.
- Ebstein’s anomaly: A defect of the heart’s tricuspid valve, which may keep it from closing tightly.
- Eisenmenger syndrome: Abnormal blood flow through the heart and lungs due to a hole (shunt) that develops between two chambers of the heart.
- Marfan syndrome: A condition that causes abnormalities in the body’s connective tissue, which supports multiple organs and systems that include the heart and blood vessels. This can cause leaking heart valves, aortic aneurysms, and dissections.
- Pulmonary stenosis: A narrowing of the pulmonary value, which, allows blood to flow out of the heart into the pulmonary artery and then to the lungs.
- Single ventricle defects: Also called single ventricle lesions, these are defects or syndromes that result in a heart only having one ventricle large or strong enough to pump blood. Examples include hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), double outlet left ventricle (DOLV), Tricuspid atresia, and heterotaxy defects.
- Tetralogy of Fallot: A rare condition caused by four congenital heart defects that affect the structure of the heart and cause oxygen-poor blood flow out of the heart.
- Transposition of the great arteries: A defect where the aorta is connected to the heart’s right ventricle, and the pulmonary artery is connected to the left ventricle – the opposite of the heart’s normal anatomy.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease is the narrowing of blood vessels that deliver blood to the heart, and this happens when plaque builds up in the arteries. The arteries become damaged or diseased leading to decrease in blood flow which may cause chest pain, shortness of breath and heart attack.
Peripheral Artery Disease
Also known as peripheral vascular disease, this is a common circulatory disease where plaque builds up in arteries leading to reduced blood flow to the head, organs and limbs.
Heart Disease Among Women
- The Cardiovascular Program for Women provides state-of-the-art cardiac screening, prevention, and therapy services for women with symptoms and complications of heart disease, including:
- Cardiovascular complications during pregnancy that result in cardiovascular disease
- Complications from congenital heart disease during pregnancy
- Coronary microvascular disease (small vessel disease or cardiac syndrome X)
- Effects of Lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and polycystic on the heart
- Familial hypercholesterolemia, a genetic disorder that causes early onset heart disease
- Functional amenorrhea, which accelerates heart disease
- Impact due to gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia, and pregnancy-related hypertension
- Pulmonary hypertension in women
- Risk of heart disease due to diabetes or menopause
If you have high blood pressure or blocked arteries in the heart and the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs, you are at a risk of developing heart failure. We have one of the best team of heart transplant doctors in the country who are highly experienced in performing heart transplant and providing complete heart failure care.
- Coronary and Peripheral angiogram
- Simple coronary angioplasty
- Primary, Complex and Peripheral angioplasty
- Bifurcation stenting
- Chronic total occlusion (CTO) antegrade and retrograde techniques
- Graft vessel PTCA
- Above and below knee PTPA
- Carotid, renal and subclavian artery stenting
- Temporary, single chamber and dual chamber pacemakers
- Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT)
- Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)
- Electrophysiology and radiofrequency ablation
- IVC filter, IABP insertion
- Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)
- Instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) and fractional flow reserve (FFR)
- Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG)
- Beating heart surgery with minimal blood usage, fast track extubation, lesser ICU and hospital stay
- High risk CABG in patients with multiple comorbidities/severe LV dysfunction
- Emergency CABG surgery for patients with ongoing angina and cardiogenic shock not amenable to angioplasty
- Redo CABG surgery
- Combined CABG with value or miscellaneous surgery
- Heart valve surgery
- Aortic valve replacement (with/without aortic root enlargement)
- Mitral valve replacement and repair
- Tricuspid valve repair and replacement
- Emergency valve surgeries for stuck valve
- Redo valve surgery
- Surgery on the aorta: aneurysm/dissection repair, aortic root replacement, Bentall procedure
- Surgery for cardiac tumours
- Surgery for arrhythmias
- Left ventricular aneurysm repair surgery
- Ruptured sinus of valsalva repair
- Septal myectomy
- Carotid endarterectomy
- Paediatric cardiac surgery
- Thoracic surgery
- Major surgeries like CABG, valve replacements, aneurysm repairs and minimally invasive surgery
- Major procedure like angioplasty, proton pump inhibitor (PPI) placement, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), mitral valve E-Point to Septal Separation (EPSS), cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT)
- Multidisciplinary therapies like extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)
- Thoracic procedures like video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), pneumonectomy, lobectomy
- All congenital cardiac surgeries including neonatal arterial switch, total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVC), teratology of fallot (TOF)
- Hybrid procedures for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), coronary artery disease (CAD)
- Heart failure therapy including left ventricular assist device (LVAD)
- Monitoring of patients with latest equipment like the multipara monitor, which includes -cardiac output monitoring, 4D transoesophageal echocardiography, thromboelastographic (TEG) and rotational thermoelectrometry (ROTEM)